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Computer Software History


Introduction:

Computer software has come a long way since its inception. It all began in the 20th century when computers were large, room-filling machines that required manual programming. Initially, software was created using low-level programming languages like assembly language, which directly communicated with the computer hardware. 



History of Computer Software:

In the 50s and 60s:

In the end 1950s and beginning 1960s came the birth of high-level programming languages. Many  languages, like Fortran and COBOL, allowed programmers to write code in a more human-readable and efficient manner. This shift made software development more accessible and opened doors to a wider range of applications. 

The 70s:

The 1970s saw the emergence of operating systems like UNIX, which provided a platform for software to run on various hardware architectures. This development set the stage for the explosive growth of software in the years to come. 

In the 80s and 90s: 

The 1980s and 1990s brought us graphical user interfaces  and personal computers, leading to a surge in software development. Companies like Microsoft and Apple played significant roles in popularizing software through their operating systems and applications like Windows and Mac OS. The turn of the millennium introduced us to the era of web-based software and the rise of the internet. This brought about a whole new paradigm of software development, with web browsers becoming the interface for accessing and using various applications. 

The present day:

We find ourselves in the era of mobile computing, with smartphones and tablets dominating the landscape. Mobile app development has become a significant part of the software industry, catering to a wide range of needs and preferences. With the advancements in cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and big data analytics, the future of computer software holds great promise. We can expect further innovation, enhanced user experiences, and even more sophisticated applications to come.

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